The island of Guadalupe, situated at the western extremity of Mexico, is famous for being surrounded by one of the oldest coral reefs in the world.
The Magical Garden of the Sea
One of the characteristics of the reef here is that it is mainly formed of old, hardened corals that take spectacular shapes. Pillar corals, elk-horn and stag-horn shaped colonies can be seen on the sandy bottom of the sea, especially where the water is not so deep. The rocks and the crevices near the shore are covered with sargassum weed, acid seaweed and eelgrass, while the palm kelp and the eelgrass growing on the bottom of the reef create beautiful submarine gardens, being a rich source of food for the numerous species of fish swimming in these waters.
The Big and Small Sea Creatures in the Area
The reef is the territory of the California sea lion, one of the biggest mammals in the region, which can reach a weight of up to 3,000 pounds. The area is also reputed for being the home of several shark species, including the great white shark. This dangerous predator takes advantage of the fact that large banks of bluefin and yellowfin tuna swim in these waters, especially around the spot known as “tuna alley”. Green turtles also find plenty of food here, while lobsters, crabs, abalones and many other crustaceans hide in the caves and on the bottom of the Guadalupe reef.