When it comes to counting the number of coral species present and observing how many species of fish and other marine animals it houses, Indonesia is at the heart of one of the world’s richest and most diverse regions in the world.
Although its reef populations are quite threatened today as a result of a larger coastal population and more frequent fishing, the stunning and diverse coral reefs and marine life found near the country’s lengthy shores are some of the most impressive on the planet.
The Coral Triangle and Indonesia’s Biodiversity
Indonesia is part of the world renowned “Coral Triangle” – a well-known region considered to be one of the richest in the world in terms of biodiversity. The Triangle also includes parts of Malaysia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea.
If you’re wondering what makes Indonesia’s coral formations and related ecosystems so special, consider the following stats associated with the biodiversity of the marine life in this area:
The reefs are home to an astounding 500 different species of corals – more than many of the well-known coral reefs of the world combined.
There are also about 3,000 species of fish in the waters of Indonesia.
If you’re interested in plants and invertebrates, you’ve just about hit the jackpot here: 10,000 species and counting; some of which have never even been identified!
One of the most impressive areas in Indonesia is Raja Ampat – the place with the highest marine life biodiversity on the entire planet.
If you get a chance to visit this majestic location, you will find 75% of all coral species in the world (roughly about 550 different species), as well as 1186 species of fish, about 600 species of mollusks, and even new types of marine life species that very few people have even heard about.