The City of Reykjavik: Iceland’s Famous and Entirely Unique Capital City
Reykjavik is quite possibly one of the world’s most unique cities. As the largest city and capital of Iceland, it is the world’s northernmost capital city and a popular destination for visitors from around the globe, as well as Iceland itself.
The city is located on the southern shore of Faxa Bay in the southeast of Iceland. It’s known for its architecturally sound and quite colorful buildings, as well as its many galleries, cafes, restaurants and rich cultural heritage. From Old Reykjavik and the Old Harbor, to the National Museum, the National Gallery of Iceland and the Reykjavik Arts Museum, there are many places that attest to the city’s long history as well.
Reykjavik was first founded as an early permanent settlement in 870 AD by Norsemen, but the dawn of its urban development dates back to the 1750s. The actual date of the city’s official founding is regarded as 1786, by which time the Danish Crown granted Reykjavik an exclusive permanent trading charter.