Saudi Arabia coral reefs are varied not only in terms of biodiversity, but also in terms of shape and type. The Saudi coastline is around 1,800km long and it comprises small fringing reefs, elongated and round patches, pinnacles and ribbon barriers, with live coral populations covering more than half the area and being in continuous development. The areas close to the mainland feature smaller reef patches located around small islands, but, despite their relatively small territory, Saudi reefs host almost 100 coral species and more than 600 fish species associated with the corals.
Biodiversity on Saudi Arabia Coral Reefs
Saudi reefs surprise with beauty and richness:
- Farasan Islands – a series of hundreds of tiny reef islands, the site is best for those who prefer wall diving (in some places the walls run to a depth of 500m). A favorite nestling place of sea turtles, the reef area is famous for frequent turtle spotting. It is also a spot that provides excellent conditions for soft corals, especially for gorgonian corals, some of them reaching 2-3 m across and black corals, also large and thriving. A lot of fish choose the spot as their home – clownfish, barracudas, tuna, marlins, even sharks are frequently seen here;
- Marmar – the spot features a 200m wall with numerous lagoons, caverns and caves. It is famous for its strong currents and reef sharks;
- Gorgonian Point – this reef is completely under the water. The water is relatively deep, around 30-40m, and it is full with beautiful, huge gorgonian fan corals, bubble corals as well as with sharks, manta rays and parrot fish swimming among these large coral formations.
The Saudi Arabia coral reefs provide fabulous diving spots, allowing visitors to take in the beautiful scenery while accompanied by the most wonderful creatures of the sea – the richness and the colorfulness of these reefs is truly unforgettable!