Scuba Diving Basics

Scuba diving is a sport that offers a multitude of benefits, including health benefits, the possibility to explore the world of the seas, to swim together with the most beautiful creatures of the oceans and to enjoy the unique adventure. However, if you are just thinking about trying out this marvelous activity, here are a few scuba diving basics that can help you enjoy this sport more thoroughly.

Scuba Diving Equipment You Need for Breathing and Buoyancy Control

To know the scuba diving basics, you have to learn about the right equipment you will be needing. Your scuba diving kit will need to include a number of components:

A snorkel and a dive mask – in most cases, the scuba equipment must include a snorkel, a tube that allows you to inhale and exhale under the water. Though breathing is mostly done using the gas tank, there are numerous situations when a snorkel comes in very handy;
The regulator – a regulator is the component that connects the gas cylinder to your mask, delivering the air to your mouth;
The buoyancy compensator – this is the device that allows you to control your position in the water by either adding air to the system to get to the surface or by venting the air inside to help you sink deeper in the water;
A depth gauge and a submersible pressure gauge – the depth gauge tells you how much air you have left, while the other device informs you about how deep you are in the water.
The gas tank itself.

Items You Will Need to Wear While Scuba Diving

Besides the obvious scuba diving basics above, there are several other items included in the gear you will need to wear while underwater:

A wetsuit – water conducts heat away from the body more quickly than you could imagine, so you need insulation even in the warmest waters. There are two basic types: shorty styles that leave your arms and legs uncovered and full suits that have long sleeves and cover your legs as well;
Fins – they make it possible to advance in the water more quickly and with less effort.

Accessories to Include in Your Scuba Equipment

Though the following items are not indispensible components of the scuba diving basics kit, they definitely make the trip more enjoyable and easier:
Diving light – a torch equipped with proper insulation to allow you to look inside caves and crevices and to enjoy the beautiful corals of coral reefs even when the lighting conditions are poor;
Dive knife – if you get entangled into something under the surface and you need instant help, a proper knife can be a life saver.

Keep these tips in mind and start putting together the right equipment before going diving for the first time.

Blane Perun

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