One of the Largest Swimmer in the Depth of the Sea
The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is often called a living fossil. Coming from a lineage that is around 125 million years old and being the only still existing member of its family, this shark looks like an ancient, mythical creature, indeed – its pink body, its long, flat snout, its protruding jaws lined with sharp teeth, make it resemble a goblin, or a Japanese demon. The animal is also quite large – adult individuals usually are about 10 feet long, but much larger specimens have also been found, some of them almost 13 feet long and weighing over 460 pounds.
The habitat where most goblin sharks live is in the deep waters of the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans, usually in the depth of 900-4,300 feet (though young ones like to stay higher up and are usually found at around 90 feet underneath the sea surface). The shark is the most common around the coasts of Japan and that is where it was first found by local fishermen.
The goblin shark feeds mainly on bony fish, crustaceans and squid, but shrimps, fin rays and octopuses are also delicious treats for them.
Has Protrusive Jaws That Can Move Forward at Tremendous Speed
The shark’s jaws are tied together by very flexible ligaments that allow them to move forward very quickly when the prey comes close enough to be captured. The strange construction of the mouth allows the animal to catapult it forward completely, to a distance of about 9% of its body length.