A Visit to the Impressive City of Bucharest – the Capital of Romania
As the capital of Romania as well as its largest and most important urban, cultural, commercial and financial center, Bucharest is considered to be one of the most important cities in Eastern Europe. Situated just 60 km north of the Danube river, the city dates back to the mid 1400s, and has been the center point of numerous political struggles between the region of Walachia and the Ottoman Empire.
The city’s name first appears in official documents dating back to the year of 1459. That is when it became the main residence of one of Walachia’s most notorious leaders, Vlad III the Impaler, who was also the main inspiration for Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
Later on, the city had a significantly volatile history, as it was one of the main competitors for housing the Walachian court – along with the city of Targoviste. Bucharest became the main city in Walachia in 1698, and later became the capital of Romania in 1862, when the regions of Walachia and Moldavia were united into the Principality of Romania.
Today the city houses nearly 2 million inhabitants, and it is divided into 6 sectors. It has a high population density and a highly developed infrastructure and public transport system. Bucharest is also home to numerous important landmarks from both the early history of Romania and the Communist era. Some of them include the Palace of Parliament (the largest parliament building in the world), the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Triumphal Arc and the Romanian Athenaeum.