Whether through education or direct means, coral reef conservation methods are extremely important for the future preservation of coral reef populations both locally and on a national or global level. There are many institutions that already study the problem, and have found helpful on-site coral conservation means to explore, and experts also try to reach the populations that drive the demand for destructive fishing practices and help educate them. By getting directly involved in on-site coral conservation through voluntary work, getting informed about the conservation methods you can adopt by simply changing your eating habits, and reaching out to your local community, you too can be an important part of the movement for coral reef protection and conservation.
On-site coral reef conservation methods are normally established and enacted by governmental institutions, NGOs and coral conservation groups that perform local work, either through monitoring, research and other scientific activities, or through practical, hands-on means. The latter can involve the establishment of protected areas, methods for coral reef restoration and preservation, ecosystem based adaptation (EBA) and the petition for laws and regulations that restrict or inhibit destructive fishing or fishing in areas that are not fully protected as natural sanctuaries or heritage sites.
It is also important for coral reef conservation methods to be adopted by communities of people by regulating consumption of goods coming from or supporting the life of threatened and endangered species of coral. Coral conservation groups advise people to choose seafood wisely and seek to become informed regarding the species of fish and other marine creatures that have an impact on coral development. By saying no to your next parrotfish meals and choosing something other than coral reef shark at the local seafood restaurant, you can contribute to reducing the demand for these types of sea creatures and curb future overfishing practices. For this purpose, widespread education regarding community efforts for coral reef conservation is highly essential.
An informed and engaged public can make intelligent decisions regarding the practices that normally harm the vital coral reef populations that so many of the ocean’s most important creatures depend on. Technological tools and resources such as online data centers and research sources, as well as local initiatives by NGOs are among the best conservation methods, because they help to raise awareness about the problems that we all face as a result of coral reef depletion and inform people about the measures they can take to make a stand. This is the most important of all coral reef conservation methods to follow, since if enough people were empowered with the right knowledge about protecting coral reef populations, many of the environmental issues surrounding this concern would evaporate.