The natural habitat for more than 1,000 species of fish and at least 200 species of corals, the Egypt coral reefs are among the richest marine ecosystems in the world.
Coral reefs around the Egypt coastline are found mainly in the North and in the South:
- Sharm El-Sheikh – the town is in the North, in the immediate proximity of Ras Mohammad National Park and with fringing reefs all along its coastline. The area features more than 220 different coral species, out of which more than 120 are soft corals. The water in the area is very shallow – coral colonies start at around 50 cm under the surface of the water and, in some parts, the reef is about 9 km wide. The place is rich not only in corals, but in other sea creatures as well – star fish, sea urchins and crustaceans feel at home here just as much as larger creatures such as hawksbill turtles and green turtles;
- Hurghada – located on the south-eastern cost of the country, the area features a number of extraordinary, colorful reef patches with hundreds of endemic species finding shelter and home among the corals. There are four wrecks in the area, too, so Hurghada provides excellent shelter for numerous fish species. The Hurghada area has off-shore reefs and fringing reef locations, the dominant species being star corals, vase corals, mushroom corals, table corals, porites and net fire corals – all of them spectacular.
- St. John’s Reef – located in the so-called Deep South, close to the deep waters of the Red Sea, the area astounds with its numerous coral walls and coral gardens that feature soft and hard corals alike. The huge reef formations have plenty of caves and swim-troughs that give home to very special creatures of the sea such as sharks, barracudas, rabbit fish, unicorn fish, green turtles, Napoleon fish or bumphead parrotfish.
Immense richness, variety and colorful beauty are the qualities that best describe the Egypt coral reefs – the warm shallow waters give home to the most wonderful creatures of the sea.