When it comes to examining the great white shark habitat, info and facts are widely available, as scientists have tracked the sharks’ movement and general behavior worldwide. Also known as the white pointer or white death, the great white can be found in almost all coastal areas and is spotted with particular frequency in the presence of rich game. Studies associated with shark migration have recently revealed that the animals commonly move across distances of hundreds or even thousands of miles. It is also common for sharks to be seen diving to depths of more than 900 meters.
Great white shark habitat details gathered during scientific observations show the predators are most often spotted in the presence of sea lions, cetaceans and fur seals. While they feed on these animals, the great whites themselves have no known natural predators, which allows them to move freely along coastlines and in waters where the temperature stays between 12 and 24 Celsius degrees. The largest depth great white sharks were spotted at was 1,200 meters, and they were also found to make shorter dives of about 300 meters after completing long migrations. Known as epipelagic fish, they otherwise rarely get too close to the seabed or the shore.
For the warm-blooded great white shark, locations that are too cold or too warm are normally uncommon. The sharks are instead found most often in temperate waters where they can avoid overheating – a common danger they can be exposed to when venturing in tropical waters. Because their temperature is internally regulated, however, it is hard to pinpoint whether or not great whites may migrate to warmer or colder locations – or even to learn the reason for some migrations. Some groups of great whites were even found to travel across wide distances of more than 10,000 miles, such as the migratory sharks of South Africa making their way to the coast of Northern Australia and back within a single year.
Because of their lack of any natural predators and their ability to store fat into their bodies and go without food for long periods of time, great whites are masters of the oceans, being found anywhere from the coast of California, to South Africa, Japan, Oceania, Hawaii, Chile and the Mediterranean. The greatest population concentration is near Dyer Island in South Africa. This is where most of the research is done on the great white shark habitat and behavior patterns.