Officially called the Swiss Confederation, Switzerland was established in 1291. Well-known today for its armed neutrality, the country has not been involved in a war since the beginning of the 19th century, but before that it had been famous for its invincibility for centuries after its establishment. It was conquered by the French in 1798, and then it gained back its authority from Napoleon in 1803.
The European countries recognized Switzerland’s neutrality in 1815, and the country managed to stay neutral through the two world wars and until today. After the war, it contributed financially to the restoration of Europe, but it has stayed true to its reputation as an independent country and it has not joined the European Union.