Tulum is an ancient city of ruins located at a 150 km distance from Cancun, Mexico. Built during the 13th century by the Mayans, the city survived for many decades after the Spanish started occupying the area, but it eventually became deserted, partly because the population was infected with the diseases brought by the invaders – and partly because the survivors of the epidemics fled the city.
The city was first mentioned as an important archeological finding in 1843 by John Lloyd Stephens. It became an archeological site in 1913. The mapping and digging of the area continued until the 1970’s – since then, Tulum has become a very popular tourist destination in Mexico.