Unlike areas such as China, where despite the country’s large resources and size, the coral reefs existing along the shoreline have had much to suffer in the past few decades, India’s coral reefs have thrived, and over the 8,000 km long coastline, people even depend on it for their livelihood.
Located in a warm, tropical region intersecting the equator, India’s rich shorelines are a thriving haven for many different types of corals and marine life fauna that continues to attract people from all around the world.
In India, coral reefs do much more than provide habitats for the myriads of different marine life species found near the coastline. They also have the role of protecting the shore from erosion.
There are several major coral reef ecosystems associated with India. These include: the Gulf of Mannar, the Nicobar and Andaman islands and the Lakshadweep islands. Here, you can find all three major types of reefs – atoll, platform and barrier reefs.
Just like in many other places throughout the world, coral reef ecosystems in India face many dangers due to bleaching, destructive overfishing, pollution and coral diseases.
Recently, however, the scientific community, together with the Indian government and various key stakeholders in coral reef conservation have gathered to come up with new ways of preserving corals in some of the major reef areas of the country – including Lakshadweep, the Gulf of Kachchh and the Gulf of Mannar.
Initiatives such as these have grown to nationwide efforts in involving Indian locals to take part in coral reef stewardship projects and help in adequately addressing the future dangers that India’s corals may be subjected to.